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Federal Poverty Level

The Federal Poverty Level

The federal poverty level, or FPL, is a poverty guideline that is issued each year by the US Department of Health and Human Services. The figures reflect an annual income that is considered to be at the poverty level based on the number of members in a family and the cost of living.

What's the current Federal Poverty Level?

Below is a table that reflects the current federal poverty level set for various family sizes. 

Household Size Federal Poverty Level 175% of Poverty Level 200% of Poverty Level 225% of Poverty Level 400% of Poverty Level
1 $ 12,140        $ 21,245 $ 24,280      $ 27,315 $ 48,560    
2 $ 16,460        $ 28,805 $ 32,920 $ 37,035 $ 65,840
3 $ 20,780        $ 36,365 $ 41,560       $ 46,755 $ 83,120      
4 $ 25,100 $ 43,925        $ 50,200 $ 56,475       $ 100,400
5 $ 29,420 $ 51,485 $ 58,840 $ 66,195 $ 117,680
6 $ 33,740 $ 59,045 $ 67,480 $ 75,915     $ 134,960
7 $ 38,060 $ 66,605 $ 76,120 $ 85,635 $ 152,240
8 $ 42,380 $ 74,165 $ 84,760 $ 95,355 $ 169,520
each additional household member $ 4,320 $ 7,560 $ 8,640 $ 9,720 $ 17,280
 

Source: http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty-guidelines 1.22.18

How is the Federal Poverty Level used?

The federal poverty level is used for figuring out financial eligibility for certain federal and state programs. Examples of programs that use the federal poverty level include:

  • Head Start
  • Low Income Energy Assistance Program (LIEAP)
  • Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP)
  • Community Health Centers
  • Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (Food Stamps/EBT)
  • Weatherization Assistance
  • Low-Income Taxpayer Clinics

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Prepared by: NC 2-1-1/LP

Date Updated: December 29, 2017

 

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